FMPS funded the Middle School Restorative Justice Initiative for the 2012-13 academic year at Black Hawk and Sennett Middle Schools, which provided proactive and creative solutions for school discipline and conflict resolution. In partnership with the YWCA, the project focused on alternatives to traditional discipline and derailing the school-to-prison pipeline affecting students of color. Through the initiative, students learned strategies for non-violent and effective communication, valuing diversity, and challenging oppression, all fostering a culture of prevention rather than punishment. Restorative Justice Circles provided students with opportunities to lead and promoted a sense of community and ownership over their school environment. More than 70 Circles were held in the 2012-13 school year, and the project is planned to continue with no signs of stopping.